Simulation & Surgical Training Fundamentals of Robotic Surgery

To standardize the curriculum and certification of robotic surgeons, a series of consensus conferences have been used to compile the outcomes measures and curriculum that should form the basis for the Fundamentals of Robotic Surgery (FRS) program. This has resulted in the definition of 25 specific outcomes measures and the creation of curriculum for teaching those via didactic lecture, psychomotor skills labs, and team training activities. These advanced surgical operating techniques have been supported and/or reviewed by the leading surgical societies involved in the use of robotic surgery.